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Obstetrics is a diagnosis and treatment subject of medical institutions. Gynecology is a branch of obstetrics and gynecology. It is a specialized department that diagnoses and treats female gynecological diseases. It is divided into western medicine gynecology and traditional Chinese medicine gynecology.

Diseases of the female reproductive system are called gynecological diseases. There are many types of gynecological diseases, the common ones are uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, vaginitis, cervicitis, cervical erosion, pelvic inflammatory disease, adnexitis, functional uterine bleeding, breast disease, infertility, irregular menstruation, Endometritis, abnormal vaginal discharge and so on. Starting from adolescence, women should understand some basic medical knowledge such as menstruation, childbirth, pregnancy, childbirth, and menopause, and always maintain an optimistic mood, so as to avoid or reduce the occurrence of certain obstetrics and gynecology diseases.

Disease classification

Gynecological diseases are mainly divided into 7 categories: gynecological inflammation, induced abortion, venereal disease, irregular menstruation, infertility, gynecological plastic surgery, and gynecological tumors. Each category has multiple minor diseases:

Gynecological inflammation: cervicitis, vaginitis, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometritis, urethritis, etc.;

Artificial abortion: painless abortion, visual abortion, minimally invasive abortion, medical abortion, etc.;

STDs include condyloma acuminatum, syphilis, genital herpes, gonorrhea, etc.;

Irregular menstruation: irregular uterine bleeding, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, amenorrhea, menopause;

Infertility: cervical infertility, endocrine infertility, uterine infertility, tubal infertility, etc.;

Gynecological plastic surgery: labiaplasty, breast enhancement, hymen repair, vagina tightening, etc.;

Gynecological tumors: uterine fibroids, cervical cysts, ovarian tumors, cervical cancer, etc.

Gynecological health

Menopausal women should pay attention to a reasonable diet.

In addition to mental and psychological hygiene, menopausal women should also pay attention to a reasonable diet.

Vitamin B complex is beneficial for maintaining nerve function, promoting digestion, preventing headaches, dizziness, and maintaining memory. Coarse grains such as millet, oatmeal, corn, and mushroom foods such as mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms are rich in vitamin B. Menopausal women should eat more of these foods.

Menopausal women have a disorder of water and salt metabolism, which is prone to water and sodium retention, causing edema and a further increase in blood pressure. Therefore, salt should be restricted, and the amount of salt used should be half of that of the young and middle-aged. Menopausal women's glucose metabolism and fat metabolism are also often disordered, and they are prone to an increase in blood sugar, blood lipids, obesity, diabetes, and atherosclerosis. Therefore, menopausal women should eat fewer sweets, animal fat and animal offal, and eat more whole grains. With age, the basal metabolism decreases and energy surplus is prone to occur. Therefore, women who become obese should limit their staple food intake. The protein supply should be guaranteed in the diet, and you can eat more lean meat, chicken, fish, eggs, dairy products and soy products. Generally, the content of unsaturated fatty acids in vegetable oil is relatively high. For example, soybean oil, rapeseed oil, corn oil, sesame oil, and sunflower oil all contain high calories. Excessive consumption will result in excess energy. It has been reported that excessive intake of unsaturated fatty acids can also increase the incidence of cancer.

妇科 婦科


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