Sport injuries can affect almost any part of the body, including the muscles, bones, joints and connective tissues (tendons and ligaments).
Sprains and strains are the most common type of sports injury. The difference between a strain and a sprain is that a:
- sprain happens when one or more of the ligaments are stretched, twisted or torn
- muscle strain ("pulling a muscle") happens when muscle tissues or fibres are stretched or torn.
Symptoms of a sprain or strain can include pain, swelling, bruising and tenderness around a joint or in a muscle. You may also find it difficult to move the affected body part.
Ref. NHS Website
Sprain of the soft tissues of the limbs refers to the sprain of the muscles, tendons and ligaments around the shoulders, elbows, hip joints, knees and ankles due to twisting or pulling without fracture...... they pertain to the category of "impairment of tendons"(Shang Jin 伤筋) in Chinese Medicine.
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