Carpal tunnel syndrome
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common peripheral nerve compression disorder, and it is also the most common surgical treatment performed by hand surgeons. There are many non-surgical treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome, including brace immobilization and corticosteroid injections. If the conservative treatment plan does not relieve the patient's symptoms, surgical treatment should be considered.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common peripheral nerve compression disorder, and it is also the most common surgical treatment performed by hand surgeons. The pathological basis of carpal tunnel syndrome is that the median nerve is compressed in the carpal tunnel of the wrist.
The incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome is higher in women than in men, but the cause is not clear. Common symptoms include paresthesia and/or numbness in the area innervated by the median nerve (thumb, index finger, middle finger, and radial half of the ring finger). Numbness of the fingers at night is often the first symptom of carpal tunnel syndrome, and many patients have the experience of numbness of the fingers at night. In many patients, the discomfort of finger numbness can be relieved to a certain extent by changing the posture of the upper limbs or shaking hands.
The diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome is mainly based on clinical symptoms and characteristic physical examination results. The diagnosis requires electrodiagnostic examination. The most important basis for diagnosis is that the patient has typical clinical symptoms, that is, numbness and discomfort in the median nerve distribution area, which worsens at night. In addition to subjective symptoms, objective examinations are also very important. It is clear that decreased or lost finger sensation and large thenar muscle atrophy are manifestations of a serious condition, and therapeutic intervention should be carried out before these manifestations.
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