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Colds and flu

The common cold refers to the "common cold", also known as "cold", acute rhinitis, or upper respiratory tract infection. The common cold is a common acute viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. Influenza (flu) is a disease caused by a virus and is extremely contagious. Influenza is caused by different types of viruses. There are three known types of influenza: Type A, Type B, and Type C. Among them, Type A is more common.

Mainly combined with epidemiological history, clinical manifestations, and pathogenic examinations.

1. Clinical manifestations

Symptoms such as dry throat, itchy throat, sneezing, nasal congestion, coughing, watery eyes, and headache.

2. Routine blood examination

The blood test showed that the total number of white blood cells was normal or decreased, and the proportion of lymphocytes increased.

3. Etiology examination

The viral nucleic acid test is positive, the virus antigen test is positive, the virus-specific antibody IgG recovery period is 4 times higher than the acute period, virus isolation and culture are positive, etc.


The disease has a rapid onset and an incubation period of 1 to 3 days. It mainly manifests as nasal symptoms, such as sneezing, nasal congestion, and runny nose. It can also manifest as cough, dry throat, itchy throat, sore throat or burning sensation, and even nose After dripping sense. The nasal mucus becomes thick after 2 to 3 days, often accompanied by sore throat, tearing, decreased taste, poor breathing, and hoarseness. Generally, there is no fever and systemic symptoms, or only low-grade fever, malaise, mild chills, and headache.


Flu is an acute disease of the respiratory tract. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle pain, runny nose, cough, and sore throat. It is usually mild. It is mainly spread through air droplets and direct contact. The virus is present in the respiratory secretions of patients or invisible infections. It is spread into the air by speaking, coughing or sneezing, and kept for 30 minutes. After inhalation by susceptible persons That can be infected. The speed of transmission depends on how crowded the crowd is. Indirect contact by polluting everyday objects can also play a role in transmission.

Traditional Chinese herbal medicine can be used for the internal treatment of this symptom, External treatments include acupuncture and massage.


Wang Fen. Talking about cold symptoms and the reasonable selection of anti-cold drugs. 2013

Zhang Min. Symptoms of colds and rational use of medicines. "CNKI", 2014

Jin Chuan Jun, He Ma Shen Er. A case of cold symptoms and pure trigeminal motor neuropathy. 2014

Tsukawa, Jun, Hema, Shinji, Fukae, etc. A case of pure trigeminal motor neuropathy with cold symptoms. "The Japanese Society of Theology", 2014

Okabayashi et al.. Gegen soup and the cold symptom suppression effect of the cold symptom において优れているとは言えない (nothing to change the 対照験). 2014

Yin Keshan, Ou Qiang, Shen Yong, Lu Hongzhou. The first imported influenza A H1N1 report in Shanghai. 2009

Liu Jiangang, Bu Xiangzhen, Li Wei. Management and treatment of local influenza outbreaks in the army. "People's Military Doctor", 2005

Yang Jing, Chen Tao, Zhu Fei, Wang Lijie, etc. Analysis of influenza case reports in Mainland China from 2017 to 2018.

"Cqvip", 2018

Chen Xin, Jiang Yong, Wang Shaojie, Feng Luzhao, etc. Estimated excess deaths from influenza in Qingdao City, Shandong Province from 2001 to 2008.

"Disease Surveillance", 2010

Huang Yiwei, Gao Lidong, Li Fangcai, etc. Characteristics of influenza B virus after influenza A H1N1 pandemic in Hunan Province. "WanFang", 2012


. 流行性感冒(流感)是一种由病毒引致的疾病,传染性极高。 流感由不同类型的病毒引起,已知的流感有三种类型:甲型、乙型及丙型, 其中以甲型较为常见。

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