Circulatory system diseases generally refer to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (cardio-cerebrovascular diseases)
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is a general term for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. It refers to the ischemic or hemorrhagic tissues of the heart, brain and whole body caused by hyperlipidemia, blood viscosity, atherosclerosis, hypertension, etc. disease.
The cardio-cerebrovascular disease is the manifestation of systemic vascular disease or systemic vascular disease in the heart and brain. The etiology mainly has 4 aspects:
1. atherosclerosis, hypertensive arterioles sclerosis, arthritis and other vascular factors;
2. hypertension and other hemodynamic factors;
3.hyperlipidemia, diabetes and other hemorheology Abnormal;
4.blood component factors such as leukemia, anemia, thrombocytosis, etc.
The common symptoms of cardiovascular disease are palpitations, shortness of breath, orthopedic breathing, nighttime paroxysmal dyspnea, compression or contraction pain behind the breastbone, chest tightness, edema, cyanosis, syncope, coughing and hemoptysis, weakness, belching, and upheaval. Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting; left back pain, left arm pain, etc.
Hemiplegia, hemisensory disturbance, hemianopia, aphasia; or cross paralysis, cross-sensory disturbance, external ophthalmoplegia, nystagmus, dysphagia, ataxia, dizziness, etc.; or weakness, numbness, facial or upper limbs Sensory disturbance of lower limbs; inflexibility of unilateral limb movement; language disturbance, difficulty in speaking; memory loss; sudden unclear viewing of objects; or inflexible eyeball rotation; urinary incontinence; imbalance of balance and instability of standing; disturbance of consciousness; headache or nausea Vomiting; dizziness, tinnitus, etc.
Keep your mind balanced
Patients with coronary heart disease and hyperlipidemia must relax their minds and not let their emotions fluctuate too much.
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular patients should exercise properly. A reduced amount of exercise will also cause slow blood flow and increase blood lipids. It is necessary to reasonably arrange exercise time and control the amount of exercise. In winter, you have to wait for the sun to rise before taking exercise. At this time, the temperature rises, which can prevent the body from being suddenly stimulated by the cold and getting sick.
Control risk factors
Strictly control blood pressure to an ideal level, take effective lipid-lowering drugs, control diabetes, improve insulin resistance and abnormal metabolism, and quit smoking.
According to different cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, targeted treatment drugs are given to relieve symptoms, improve prognosis, and prevent complications.
Through surgery or interventional treatment, hemostasis at the bleeding site, eliminate hematoma or improve the blood supply to the ischemic site.
After the patient's condition is stable, start with simple passive exercises and gradually do active exercises to achieve the goal of self-care in life. Early rehabilitation training is particularly important for the functional recovery of patients with cerebrovascular diseases.