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The cyst is a benign disease. It can grow on the surface of the human body or in the internal organs. A cyst is a benign cyst-like mass that grows on an organ in the body, and its contents are liquid in nature. Generally speaking, common cysts are "kidney cyst", "liver cyst", "simple ovarian cyst" and "chocolate cyst". Renal cysts are divided into simple solitary renal cysts and polycystic kidneys.

One congenital heredity

1. Root sheath cyst: Adipocyte cyst of 114 degrees in the past belongs to autosomal dominant inheritance.

2. Multiple lipocytes tumors: inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.

3. Dermoid cyst: It is congenital after birth.

4. Bronchogenic and thyroid hyoid duct cysts are caused by abnormal congenital dysplasia.

5. Midline penile cysts are caused by congenital abnormalities.

6. The etiology of eruptive charcoal cyst is unclear and some reports believe it is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.

Two unclear cause

At present, there are three main treatment methods for cysts:

1.It is the traditional method of incision to cut the cyst, which is to treat the cyst with fenestration or stripping. In this method, the incision is long, bleeding is much, trauma is heavy, expensive, and easy to relapse.

2.The cyst is cut under laparoscopic surgery. Although it is just a hole and the trauma is much smaller than the operation, it still requires hospitalization and the cost is not low. This is the last resort.

3.This method uses needles instead of others. This technology has a wide range of uses, such as the application of ultrasound interventional technology in the field of genetics, which can be used to take intrauterine fetal cord blood, amniotic fluid, and embryonic villus specimens under direct B-mode ultrasound. Everyone knows that the caliber of the fetal umbilical cord is very small, only 6-8mm, and it can be punctured under ultrasound guidance. For cysts of a few centimeters or more than ten centimeters in size, the puncture hit rate can reach 100%. Since the advent of this technique, many patients suffering from polycystic liver, polycystic kidney and other hereditary cyst diseases that are prone to relapse have avoided the pain of laparotomy.

Dietary advice

First, patients with liver cysts should eat more foods that contain high-quality protein. But pay attention to the supplement of high-fiber, high-dimensional vegetarian food and the supplement of low-fat foods. In the diet of liver cysts, patients with liver cysts must ensure that they do not have a partial eclipse. Whole grains, fresh vegetables and fruits, lean meat of cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry, eggs, milk, fish and shrimp, etc. can be eaten.

The second point is that patients with liver cysts should eat more red vegetables. The recommended diet for liver cysts is carrots, tomatoes, red dates, dragon fruits and other red vegetables and fruits. In addition, patients with liver cysts should drink plenty of water. Drinking plenty of water can enhance blood circulation, promote metabolism, and promote the secretion of glands, especially digestive glands, pancreatic juice, and bile.

The third point is that patients with liver cysts should avoid drinking alcohol, and eat less spicy, fried foods, and over-sweet foods; they should also avoid blindly tonic and don't trust the supplements advertised at will, so as not to damage the liver or increase the burden on the liver.

囊肿 囊腫


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