Dizziness is a common brain dysfunction and one of the common clinical symptoms. Feeling dizzy, swollen, head-heavy, shaking in the brain, vertigo, etc. Dizziness can be caused by many reasons, the most common are febrile diseases, hypertension, cerebral arteriosclerosis, craniocerebral trauma syndrome, neurosis and so on.
The common causes of dizziness are as follows:
1. Nervous system disease
Such as cerebral ischemic disease, cerebellar disease, brain disease, brain trauma, certain types of epilepsy, etc. In addition, patients with autonomic dysfunction and certain neuroses often feel dizzy.
2. Ear disease
If the ear disease affects the balance and causes dizziness.
3. Internal Medicine Diseases
Such as hypertension, hypotension, various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, anemia, infection, poisoning, hypoglycemia, etc.
Sometimes a cold may cause dizziness.
5. Cervical bone degeneration
Due to long-term poor posture or poor sleeping posture, cervical spine hyperplasia, deformation, and degeneration, neck muscles are strained, arterial blood supply is blocked, brain blood supply is insufficient, which is the main cause of dizziness. Often neck tightness, limited flexibility, occasional pain, scalp finger numbness, coldness, shoulder pain, heaviness, and even nausea, palpitation and other symptoms.
If dizziness is accompanied by fatigue and paleness, the possibility of anemia should be considered. Patients with dyspepsia, peptic ulcer, gastrointestinal bleeding, and chronic inflammatory diseases can all develop anemia secondary to.
7. High blood viscosity
Hyperlipidemia, thrombocytosis, etc. can increase blood viscosity and slow blood flow, resulting in insufficient blood supply to the brain, prone to symptoms such as fatigue, dizziness, and fatigue. At present, the incidence of this type of disease is on the rise.
8. Cerebral Arteriosclerosis
The patient feels dizzy, and often suffers from insomnia, tinnitus, emotional instability, forgetfulness, and numbness of the limbs. Cerebral arteriosclerosis reduces the inner diameter of cerebral blood vessels and decreases blood flow in the brain, resulting in insufficient blood supply and oxygen supply to the brain, causing dizziness. The clinical features are the three major symptoms of dizziness, sleep disturbance, and memory loss, as well as parieto-occipital headache, paresis, speech disorders, emotional irritability and other manifestations. Generally, the disease progresses slowly. The characteristic of this type of dizziness is that it is easy to appear or occur during postural changes. Aggravate.
9. Heart disease, coronary heart disease
In the early stage of the disease, the symptoms are still mild. Some people may not have significant discomforts such as chest tightness, palpitations, or shortness of breath, but only feel headache, dizziness, weakness of the limbs, difficulty concentrating, tinnitus or forgetfulness. Cardiac arrest, paroxysmal tachycardia, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, ventricular fibrillation and other heart diseases can cause acute cerebral ischemia, manifesting dizziness, vertigo, stomach upset, syncope, etc.
10. Drug poisoning
It is more common to be poisoned by streptomycin, neomycin, kanamycin, and gentamicin. In addition to dizziness, patients also have sensory deafness caused by dizziness and cochlear nerve damage. Chronic lead poisoning is mostly manifested as neurasthenia syndrome, with dizziness, headache, insomnia, forgetfulness, fatigue, and dreams as the main symptoms, as well as decreased body temperature and loss of appetite.
11. Functional hypoglycemia
It can also cause dizziness, palpitation, weakness, tremors when fasting or exerting force, sometimes convulsions, loss of consciousness, etc. During emotional stress or hyperventilation, respiratory alkalosis may occur due to increased carbon dioxide emissions, hypoxia in brain cells, causing dizziness and fatigue, and the patient may feel numbness in the face, hands and feet, and sometimes trance.
12. Vascular suppressive dizziness
It is often triggered by emotional tension, pain, fear, bleeding, hot weather, fatigue, cavities, and insomnia. Patients often have autonomic disorders such as dizziness, dizziness, nausea, upper abdominal discomfort, pale complexion, and cold sweats. At that time, the blood pressure dropped and the pulse was weak. Vasostatic dizziness is more common in frail young women. Orthostatic hypotension refers to dizziness, vertigo, soft legs, dizziness, and even fainting when standing, often accompanied by sweating, and dysfunction.
Dizziness can be treated from the cause and combined with physical, diet, and traditional Chinese medicine.
Check for orthostatic hypotension. Ask for a history of hypertension and hypoglycemia. Instruct the patient to lie down, measure vital signs every 15 minutes, and give intravenous fluids. Give medication when necessary.
If there is hyperventilation, ask the patient to cover his nose and breathe with his hands or cover his breathing with a bag; if he is dizzy when standing, ask the patient to lie down and rest, and then stand slowly. People with carotid artery allergies should avoid wearing clothing that restricts the movement of the neck. Patients with ischemic attacks or insufficient blood supply to the basilar artery should turn their heads slowly and actively undergo standardized treatment.
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