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Headache is a kind of dull pain, mostly continuous total headache. Headache is often accompanied by swelling, or dizziness and a heavy head. If it is painful or heavy pressure in the temples, it may be due to brain fatigue. Various intracranial, extracranial and systemic diseases can cause headaches.


(1) Physical and chemical factors

Intracranial hyperalgesic structures are affected by inflammation, injury, or compression, traction, extension, displacement and other factors that cause head swelling and pain.

Blood vessels are compressed, pulled, stretched or displaced

Commonly seen in the following diseases:

(1) Intracranial space-occupying lesions: such as tumors, abscesses, hematomas, etc., which cause the blood vessels to be compressed, traction, stretched or displaced.

(2) Increased intracranial pressure: such as hydrocephalus, cerebral edema, venous sinus thrombosis, brain tumor or cerebral cysticercosis compression and blockage.

(3) Intracranial hypotension: such as a lumbar puncture or spinal anesthesia, or after surgery or trauma, more cerebrospinal fluid is lost, resulting in intracranial hypotension.

Dilation of intracranial and external arteries

Such as acute intracranial and extracranial infections, pathogen toxins can cause arterial dilation; metabolic diseases such as hypoglycemia, hypercapnia and hypoxia; toxic diseases such as carbon monoxide poisoning, alcoholism, etc.; brain trauma, epilepsy, hypertension Emergency (pheochromocytoma, acute nephritis, etc.).

The meninges are chemically stimulated

(1) Bacterial meningitis: such as meningococcus, pneumococcus, streptococcus, staphylococcus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Campylobacter, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Aerobacter, Pneumoniae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Brucella Bacillus, etc.

(2) Viral meningitis: such as enterovirus, herpes virus, arbovirus, mumps virus.

(3) Infectious meningitis of other organisms: such as Cryptococcus, Leptospira, Rickettsia, Toxoplasmosis, Amoeba, Cysticercosis, Schistosomiasis, etc.

(4) Bloody cerebrospinal fluid: such as subarachnoid hemorrhage, lumbar puncture accidentally injured blood vessels and brain trauma, etc. cause hard and soft meningitis and inflammation of the arachnoid.

(5) Cancerous meningitis: such as meningeal metastasis of cancer, meningeal infiltration of leukemia and lymphoma.

(6) Reactive meningitis: such as secondary to systemic infections, poisoning, and ear and nose infections.

(7) Intraventricular or intrathecal injection of drugs or contrast agents: whether water depth or non-water depth is used as a chemical factor, animal experiments have confirmed that they all cause meningitis.

Long-lasting contraction of head and neck muscles

Such as the continuous contraction of the head and neck muscles, neck diseases caused by reflex cervical muscle tension, such as cervical spine joint disease, neck trauma or disc disease and so on.

Compression or inflammation of cranial nerves, cervical nerves and ganglia

Common trigeminal neuritis, occipital neuritis, tumor compression and so on.

Diseases of eyes, ears, nose, paranasal sinuses, teeth, etc.

Radiation pain can be diffused or reflected on the head and face.

Endocrine factors

It is common in women that the first onset of a migraine is usually in adolescence, with a tendency to occur during menstruation, ease during pregnancy, and stop menopause. Tension headaches are often aggravated during menstruation and menopause

 Mental factors
It is common in neurasthenia, hysteria or depression.


1. Ear work

Massage the ear helix on both sides 18 times with both hands, then cover the ear canal with both hands on the thenar, place the fingers on the back of the head, press the middle finger with the index finger and slide down and flick the back of the head 24 times, you can hear the sound of a bang.

2. Push Yintang

Use your thumb to push from the bottom up to the forehead, gradually from mild to moderate, until local flushing.

3. Rub your temples

The temple is located between the eyebrows and the outer corner of the eye, one inch backward in the lacuna, rub it with your thumb or index finger, first light and then heavier, and push it from the temple to the Fengchi acupoint (in the 1.5-inch depression behind the mastoid), and then take the wind The number of Chi points, Jianjing points (the middle of the seventh cervical spinous process and the acromion) 18 times.

4. Rub the forehead

Curl your index finger and stroke the forehead with the inner side 30 times, from the middle of the forehead to the temples; rub the temples with the middle finger 30 times; do dry-cleaning movements with the palm of the hand 10 times.

5. Prunella chrysanthemum pillow

Prunella vulgaris and chrysanthemum in equal parts, put in a pillow, sleep at night, can cure a variety of unhealed headaches.


In addition to massage, pay attention to a reasonable diet, ensure sleep, and regular exercise play a very important role in preventing head pain.


Qiu MingYing. Modified Longdan Xiegan Decoction in the treatment of 78 cases of head pain in the premenstrual period. "WanFang", 2003

Ge Xiuying, Wu Shuhua. Modified Heixiaoyao Powder in the treatment of 50 cases of premenstrual head pain. "Practical Clinical Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine", 2007

Zhu Yan. Observation and nursing of acupoint massage for head pain after nasal packing. "CNKI; WanFang", 2013

Boyu Yang, Songbai Xu, Gang Zhao et al. Report of 1 case of oligodendroastrocytoma of the right temporal lobe with head pain and dizziness as the main manifestations. "CNKI; WanFang", 2013

Shanshan Ren. Five ways to get rid of the pain in the head. "VIP", 2013

头痛 頭痛



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