Mental diseases are usually divided into two categories: "organic" mental disorders and "functional" mental disorders. However, it should be noted that the distinction between organic and functional is only relative and conditional. With the development of science and technology, we have been involved in the genetics and biochemistry of many "functional" mental disorders, such as schizophrenia and mood disorders. And pathology and other studies have found pathological changes in the nervous system.
Also known as "emotional disorder" or "mood disorder". Refers to the exaggeration, confusion, and decline of normal emotional reactions. To determine whether the emotional response is normal or morbid, it needs to be based on the following three conditions, that is, whether the intensity of the emotional response, the duration of the emotional response, and whether it is consistent with the environment.
There are many pathogenic factors: congenital heredity, personality characteristics and physical factors, organic factors, social environmental factors and so on. Many patients with mental disorders have delusions, hallucinations, delusions, emotional disturbances, impermanence in crying and laughing, talking to themselves, behaving strangely, and loss of will. The vast majority of patients lack self-control, do not admit that they are sick, and do not actively seek help from a doctor. Common mental illnesses include schizophrenia, manic-depressive mental disorders, menopausal mental disorders, paranoid mental disorders, and mental disorders associated with various organic diseases.
The main cause of the emotional disorder is that the rapid changes in external activities and social conditions that trigger changes in emotional activities exceed the range that human psychological activities can tolerate. In addition, the breakdown of the first link in the neurological structure and neurohumoral system at different levels, heredity, disease, and poor education in childhood can also cause emotional disorders.
The occurrence of emotional or emotional disorders has a certain relationship with illegal and criminal behaviors and can trigger behaviors that seriously endanger social security. For example, when emotions are elevated and euphoria is accompanied by hypersexuality, sexual criminal activities can occur; emotional outbursts and pathological passions can trigger aggressive behaviors or damage to objects, and even lead to vicious homicides.
Generally speaking, the emotional and emotional disorders that cause serious harm to social security behaviors mainly include ① high emotions; ② euphoria; ③ emotional outbursts; ④ pathological passions, etc. For example, when emotions are elevated and euphoria is accompanied by hypersexuality, sexual criminal activities can occur; emotional outbursts and pathological passions can trigger aggressive behaviors or damage to objects, and even lead to vicious homicides.
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